Cryptozoology (from ancient Greek cryptos = hidden or secret) deals with undiscovered animals, for whose existence there is only weak and doubtful evidence, such as folklore, legends, eyewitness reports, footprints and (mostly blurred) photos or films. Scientific zoology is not concerned with such beings; they are the subject of folklore and mythology. Cryptozoologists suspect that reports of animals that are usually associated with mythical creatures are partly due to undiscovered animal species. Such a type is called cryptid in cryptozoology. Cryptids should not be confused with crypto species.
The term cryptozoology was coined in the 1940s and 1950s by Ivan T. Sanderson and Bernard Heuvelmans. Because of its central position, Heuvelmans is often referred to as the "father of cryptozoology". Even before the emergence of cryptozoology, others had dealt with the topic, such as Charles Fort. Cryptozoology is classified as a pseudoscience by outsiders. The International Society of Cryptozoology (ISC), which was founded in 1982 and has been inactive since around 2004, worked to ensure that cryptozoology is recognized as a serious science.
This small treatise is to become a lexicon of cryptozoology. It will be expanded over time.
Here you will find our little essay on Apes Bigfoot.
Chupacabra - goat nipple
The Chupacabra, also called goat suckers, is a Latin American mythical creature that is supposed to slit small animals like goats or sheep like a vampire and then suck out the blood. The first reports came from Puerto Rico in 1995, and this phenomenon has now been reported across South and Central America. The Chupacabra is a classic example of a modern legend (Urban Legend) and is often quoted by cryptozoologists.
The Mothman is a modern mythical creature, the appearance of which is supposed to announce bad luck. He is described by eyewitnesses as a winged half-human, similar to an angel, but of dark skin color, with bright red, round eyes. There is no evidence of the existence of the creature. The mythical creature gained worldwide fame through the film "The Mothman Prophecies" with Richard Gere.
New Jersey Devil
The Devil of New Jersey, also known as Jersey Devil, is a well-known legend from the US state of New Jersey of a hybrid that is said to occur in the south of the Atlantic state.
According to the description, the Devil of Jersey is a two-legged creature about 1.50 meters tall with hooves, short arms, a long neck and wings. Depending on the story, the description varies greatly, it should have the characteristics of a dog or horse and red-hot eyes, long fur or even horns. A special feature is said to be an "eerie, high scream".
Legend has it that the Devil of Jersey was the 13th child of Mrs. Leeds, a resident of the Pine Barrens, a wooded area in New Jersey, in the early 18th century. Mrs. Leeds is said to have said during pregnancy: "Oh, let this one be a devil!" ("Oh, let it be a devil!"). The "devil" is said to have escaped through the fireplace after birth.
There are different variants of the legend. In one version, the devil is the result of a curse; in another, the punishment for not wanting to convert from Quakerism to Mrs. Leeds. In yet another version, the mother gave birth to the devil and took care of him. After her death, he is said to have flown into the swamps.
There have been reports of sightings of the Devil of Jersey since the 18th century; including reports from celebrities such as Stephen Decatur or Joseph Bonaparte. The most famous series of sightings occurred in January 1909, where the essence was seen by many eyewitnesses in the Woodbury area, but also in Pennsylvania and Delaware. Hoof-shaped imprints in the snow were also associated with the devil. The West Collingswood fire department is said to have even shot him with a water hose. Newspapers reported extensively on the events, many shops and schools remained closed.
The Philadelphia Zoo awarded a prize of $ 10,000 for those who managed to catch the Jersey Devil - so far without success. Since then, only isolated sightings have been reported, for example in 1978 and 2008. There have been some cases where the Jersey Devil has been held responsible for animal deaths, and there have been no reports of injured people.
Due to the contradicting eyewitness accounts, there is no final attempt to explain the phenomenon. There are no photographs, and no carcass has ever been found. The most likely cause of reports of the devil are the encounters with the Great White Crane, the stature and sounds of which resemble the description of the Jersey Devil.
The legend of the Devil of Jersey inspired the NHL ice hockey team for their name, the New Jersey Devils.
In the TV series Files X there was an episode in the first season with the title "The Devil of Jersey" (The Jersey Devil), which was, however, about a cannibalistic wild man and had nothing to do with the actual Jersey Devil.
There is also a film about the legend of the Jersey Devil from 1998 called The Last Broadcast. The film is a mock reportage in which two moderators of the program "Fact or Fiction" want to find out whether the Jersey devil really exists.
In 2012, the legendary horror film Jersey Devil (original title: The Barrens) by director Darren Lynn Bousman was released.
In the seventh season of the Supernatural series, there is an episode that is about the Jersey Devil.
Loch Ness Monster
Here you can find our article about the Loch Ness Monster, also called Nessie.
Here you can find our article about the Snowman Yeti.
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