Departure into the age of space travel
When man set foot on a strange planet (moon) for the first time on July 21, 1969, a new era of humanity broke out. With Apollo XI, a gigantic spaceship with a weight of 3,100 tons, a length of 111 meters and a 155 million hp Saturn V rocket, Astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin (Michael Collins) were the first people to take the Eagle Lunar Module the moon (Armstrong, July 21, 1969, 9:17 p.m. CET). Around 500 million people follow the activities on TV live. As a souvenir, the astronauts leave behind a nylon stars and stripes that are attached to an aluminum frame and have a stainless steel plate with the following inscription: "This is where people from planet Earth first entered the moon, 1969, AD We came in peace for all mankind. Neil A. Armstrong, astronaut, Michael Collins, astronaut, Edwin E. Aldrin, astronaut, Richard Nixon, President of the United States". They also leave behind a silicon wafer the size of a half-dollar piece, on which messages from 73 nations and passages of speeches from three US presidents are etched.
Definition of terms: UFOs
First we have to look at the question, what does the term UFO actually mean? Ufos is short for Unidentified / Unknown Flying Object (UFO). However, this does not mean aliens or aliens from other worlds. But most are lumped together.
In the past people believed in gods, angels and witches — today they are UFOs and extraterrestrials. You go with the time. "UFOlogy is the mythology of the space age. Instead of angels ... we now have ... aliens. It is the product of our creative imagination. It serves the purposes of poetry and existentialism. It strives to have deeper roots and a better one for people To provide orientation in the cosmos. It is an expression of our hunger for mysteries ... our hope for transcendental meaning. The gods of Olympus have been made space travelers who transport us in our dreams to other worlds." — Paul Kurtz.
Ufo sightings in history
There have been sightings of strange celestial phenomena at all times. We do not want to go into the claims of pre-astronautics here. There is a separate chapter for this. Here are a few sightings just for selection.
One of the oldest surviving sightings of strange celestial phenomena is a story in the annals of Pharaoh Thutmosis III. (around 1486 BC to 1425 BC). It tells of "circles of fire" that were observed in the sky for several days.
Written records of unusual sightings in the sky date from 214 BC from the ancient Romans. They described them as "altars in the sky", "shining rays in the sky" or as "night suns".
In the 6th century, Saint Gregory, Bishop of Tours, saw "bright rays" in the sky, "which crossed and collided". In the Middle Ages, the discs in the sky were called "flying dragons".
Martians Attack (1938)
H.G. Wells wrote his book "The War of the Worlds" (1898). In the novel, three-legged fighting machines attack the United Kingdom to conquer the earth, which is rich in raw materials and water. The military is hopelessly inferior to the alien invaders and has to watch the cities being destroyed. Only the bacteria of the earth can the Martians defeat through their unmatched immune system.
War of the Worlds was designed as a satire on the colonial policy of the empire and exchanged the roles of conquerors and victims for the disadvantage of the British. An additional nasty swipe was the fact that the most primitive forms of life known at the time saved the British Empire.
Orson Wells staged War of the Worlds as a real radio play in the form of a fictional feature that was broadcast on the American radio station CBS the night before Halloween on October 30, 1938. For this purpose, the place of action was moved from England to Grover's Mill (New Jersey) in the USA and the story was adapted accordingly. According to newspaper reports, the radio play did not cause a mass panic, but nevertheless worried parts of the population of New York and New Jersey, who partly considered the radio play to be an authentic report and feared an actual attack by extraterrestrials.
This was due to the fact that Welles used a new way of recording: he recorded the radio play the day before and then added music to it. This made the recordings look like the normal radio program, in which the moderator occasionally pauses to spread the latest news about the invasion. The coverage of these incidents made the show and thus the young Orson Welles world famous. Mass panic did not provoke the show, because Welle's program had an audience of 2 percent, which corresponded to around 2.6 million listeners.
"It was a shock to us that H.G. Wells' old classic, role model for so many stories and even comic strips, triggered such reactions among the listeners. The invasion of Mars monsters was just a fairy tale for us." — ORSON WELLES.
The Roswell incident
Roswell Daily Record: Headline 8 July 1947
Since June 24, 1947, several US media have reported sightings of unknown flying objects. Triggered by reports from the pilot Kenneth Arnold, who saw a formation of nine flying objects on a private exploration flight near Mount Rainier in the state of Washington, the rapid movement of which looked like saucers hopping over the water. He created the word creation "flying saucer".
On June 14, 1947, rancher William (Mac) Brazel found scattered debris at Foster Ranch (about 105 km northwest of Roswell). At the beginning of July, Brazel heard of rumors about unknown flying objects in Corona. He then informed the Sheriff of Roswell (New Mexico) of his discovery on July 7, 1947, who sent this information to the Roswell Army Air Field (RAAF, local base of the US Army) by telephone. Army base Major Jesse Marcel, the base's intelligence officer, and counterintelligence Sheridan Cavitt immediately came to investigate the case. They examined the debris on the ranch, collected it, and sent it to the army base in Fort Worth, Texas, for further analysis. The RAAF shared the find with the local media.
On July 8, 1947, the local newspaper Roswell Daily Record appeared on the front page with the headline "RAAF Captures Flying Saucer at a Ranch in the Roswell Area": The RAAF had announced that it had a "flying saucer" on a ranch was found. It did not disclose details of their construction and appearance. On July 2, 1947, a couple had apparently been the only citizen of Roswell to observe a large glowing object in the southeastern sky for 40 to 50 seconds, which had moved at high speed to the northwest.
After many U.S. media reports that the U.S. Army had found a flying saucer near Roswell, General Roger Ramey and an Army weather expert said at a press conference in Fort Worth on July 8, 1947, that the rubble was part of a crashed weather balloon for wind measurements at high altitude. As usual with this model, it was equipped with a Raywin radar reflector, which consisted of thick cardboard covered with foil. Ramey allowed journalists to photograph debris. On July 9, the Roswell Daily Record reported, "General Ramey Empties the Roswell Saucer"; the excitement about an alleged flying saucer was unfounded.
In an interview in this issue, Brazel described the found debris as gray rubber strips, aluminum foil, thick paper with a few eyelets, sticks, and adhesive tape with printed flower patterns; some parts of the debris were labeled with letters. He hadn't seen any metal and machine parts, wire or cords underneath. He, his wife and daughter would have collected many of these debris on July 4th. The rest had been collected by the sheriff, the US soldier Jesse Marcel and a companion on July 7 and then tried to assemble in vain at his home. He estimated the total weight of the rubble at five pounds. He was certain that they were not part of a weather balloon, as he had previously found one twice on his site.
After that, media interest in the incident waned and remained unnoticed for 30 years until the authors Charles Berlitz and William L. Moore published their book "Roswell Incident" in 1980. In it, they published the conspiracy theory that the U.S. government had found an alien spaceship and corpses of aliens.
In 1994, several authors wrote and the US Air Force (USAF) reported that the debris came from combined balloons with sound sensors, the suitability of which for detecting Soviet nuclear tests in Alamogordo, New Mexico, in 1947, had been tested under the strictest secrecy (Mogul project). A second USAF report in 1997 reviewed testimony about aliens and said they were baseless, invented, or stimulated by parachute puppets.
The Roswell conspiracy theory was expanded by the ufologist Stanton T. Friedman, who claimed to have interviewed Roswell's undertaker Glenn Dennis in 1989. The latter testified that an army representative had asked him on July 9 or 10, 1947, by telephone, for supplies of airtightly sealed child coffins. A nurse from the Army Hospital told him that she was involved in the autopsy of strange, small, child-like corpses. He was then ordered to leave the hospital.
George Adamski (1952)
Adamski's lampshade that wanted to be a UFO
The American ufologist and science fiction author George Adamski (1891-1965), of Polish origin, was the first to claim that he not only saw and photographed ufos, but also flew with extraterrestrials. Believing ufologists call Adamski and people who have had the same experience contacts. Adamski wrote several books around his claims. We do not want to go into his allegations with Venusians here, any more than from the telepathic contacts to UFO crews...
The UFO belief — also UFO religion or UFO sects " describes the new religious views of differently organized groups and their prophets, who according to their own understanding are in contact with extraterrestrials.
The world's largest UFO religion is Raelism. Aetherius Society, Ashtar Command, Unarius, Chen Tao, Eduard Albert Meiers Group F.I.G.U. or Uriella's medal Fiat Lux. With Xenu, Scientologists also have elements of UFO belief in their teaching. The headlines hit Heaven's Gate in 1997 with a collective suicide and in 1998 the training center for the release of breathing energy through a possibly prevented collective suicide.
UFO belief has developed into a kind of religion. The group suicide of 39 members of the "Heaven's Gate" sect in March 1997 shows that this can also backfire, who assumed that a UFO hidden in the tail of comet Hale-Bopp would take their souls with them after suicide ...
The Alien Autopsy (1995)
autopsy of an alien?
On May 5, 1995, the British filmmaker Ray Santilli went public and allegedly presented authentic footage of an 1947 alien autopsy. He had purchased the footage from a former American military cameraman.
The film is shot in black and white and is about 16 minutes long. It shows a very amateurish autopsy of an alleged body, which is said to have taken place in 1947 in an alleged UFO accident a few weeks after Roswell's UFO crash. The alien was believed to have been taken to a laboratory in Fort Worth, Texas, where it was examined and autopsied. According to Ray Santilli, the film was made in early June 1947. The cameraman had made backup copies of the material, which he sold to the British decades later.
Whenever it comes to showing details of the innards, the film becomes blurry. The "humanoid alien" is about the size of a 12-year-old child, the body is completely hairless and has no genital organs. The extremities appear disproportionate to the body. It also has six fingers and six toes. The right hand is severed. The alien's right leg has a large opening above the knee at the beginning of the film.
The recordings have now been confirmed by the creators as non-authentic - forgery. The alien model was created by John Humphreys, a film effects specialist.
The UFO phenomenon in government research
State agencies such as the US Air Force also wanted to find out whether there was anything in the reports about UFOs. The UFO phenomenon was systematically investigated by government agencies as part of the SIGN, GRUDGE and BLUE BOOK projects until the late 1960s.
After numerous UFO sightings at air force bases in early 1947 as well as by private pilot Kenneth Arnold on June 24, 1947 and the Roswell incident in early July 1947, the Project Sign was launched. A 1949 report concluded that the UFOs must be extraterrestrial missiles. The team was then dismissed and the project declared open to the public. Not long afterwards, the follow-up project — Project Grudge — should undermine public interest in UFOs through suitable measures. This caused great outrage among the pilots who were presented as incompetent and hallucinatory, so that the project was ended again.
In 1951 the new Project Blue Book was founded under the direction of Edward J. Ruppelt. He tried to make the investigations more systematic and scientific. In particular, he promoted standardization of the questionnaires faced by personnel who had made sightings.
In 1954, the Project Blue Book published the Project Blue Book — Special Report No. 14, which included sighting reports and tables. A total of around 3200 sightings were documented by the Project Blue Book. The sightings were categorized according to known, unknown and insufficient information, and the quality of the reports was rated on a scale of one to four.
Around 69% of the cases were categorized as known, 9% lacked further information, 22% were rated as unknown. 33% of all excellent cases were unknown compared to only 17% of the worst cases. Cases that were observed particularly reliably, for example by several trustworthy and experienced people, were rated excellent. Furthermore, the known and the unknown sightings differed significantly in the observed features. The Air Force announced that the report confirmed that none of the sightings could be linked to extraterrestrial vehicles.
Project Blue Book's astronomical advisor was J. Allen Hynek, director of the McMillin Observatory at Ohio State University. He also described the project from his point of view (New York 1972, The UFO Experience - A Scientific Inquiry). In 1973 he founded CUFOS (Center for UFO Studies).
The Condon Committee was an independent and objective investigation committee announced by the USAF under the direction of Prof. Edward Condon from the University of Colorado. It should evaluate all UFO incident records collected up to that point. The Project Blue Book ended in 1969. After serious internal disagreements, the Condon Committee came to the conclusion in January 1969 of the irrelevance of the UFO sightings for science and the delusion of further investigations. The USAF based this on the reason for the termination of Project Blue Book.
The final report contains statistics on 12,618 reported incidents from 1947 to 1969. Most of the incidents were reported to be due to natural phenomena or conventional missiles. According to Condon, some reports were deliberate forgeries. 701 incidents (approx. 6 percent) were classified as "unidentified".
The files of the Project Blue Book are available in the National Archive under the Freedom of Information Act and can also be downloaded online (approx. 300 pages):
UFOs and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (F.B.I.)
In the online archive of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) you will find direct access to various released files and documents from the UFO area:
You can find approved F.B.I. at https://vault.fbi.gov/reading-room-index . Files like "Roswell UFO", "Majestic 12" or "Project Blue Book (UFO)" and "Animal Mutilation".
An alien abduction is the assumption of people who report that they have been the victim of an alien abduction. According to a classification of UFO encounters by J. Allen Hynek, this is referred to in Ufology as a close encounter of the fourth kind (CE-4).
The oldest UFO kidnapping was probably on October 14, 1957 in Brazil, where the 23-year-old farmer Antonio Villas-Boas claims to have had sex with a Mars woman for the first time: "What they wanted was a good sire to mend their race".
The case of the US couple Betty and Barney Hill, who claimed to have sighted a UFO in 1961, became known worldwide. After months of suffering from nightmares related to staying in a laboratory equipped with unknown instruments, Betty and her husband were treated with hypnosis, and Barney Hill then described similar experiences to his wife. Travis Walton had a similar experience in the 1970s.
Budd Hopkins published his book "Intruders" in 1987. John E. Mack has been friends with the artist since autumn 1989. "I was impressed by his warmth ... The stories he told me were even more significant."
In 1994, John E. Mack (1929-2004), Harvard professor of psychology, published his book "Kidnapped by extraterrestrials" and got into trouble with the faculty, but a worldwide sensation. For his work on UFO kidnapping, he received the Ig Nobel Prize from Havard University in 1993 (from the English ignoble, unworthy, disgraceful, disgraceful). He received an advance of $ 200,000 for his book.
After the publication of his book, a lawsuit against Mack was opened with the aim of removing him from his posts. After 14 months of investigation, however, the trial and allegations against Mack were dropped: No technical errors or violations of Harvard's ethical and moral principles could be proven.
In 1999, Mack published his second book, Passport to the Cosmos: Human Transformation and Alien Encounters, in which Mack focuses more on a philosophical-spiritual aspect of the kidnapping and its connection to modern worldviews. Mack died in a car accident in London on September 27, 2004. A drunk driver caught Mack when he wanted to walk home alone from a dinner with friends.
A 1988 study at the University of New Mexico found that about 20 percent of volunteers who were injected with a high dose of dimethyltryptamine had experiences identical to those of alien abduction.
Psychology offers a number of explanatory theories for so-called alien abductions, from post-traumatic stress to false memories (false memory syndrome). We all had memories of leaving a certain item in a certain place. But then you find the object somewhere else. Our memories are fallible ... Of course, the therapist can also incorporate false memories or suppress an experience by overlaying kidnapping from the high tale like aliens. Other options are: unprocessed childhood trauma, experiences of violence or social stress.
Typical "kidnapping victims" complain about certain psychological and somatic symptoms:
→ Insomnia, nightmares and fear of the dark
→ repeated awakening in the state of paralysis
→ the feeling of the presence of strangers in the bedroom
→ an impression of loss of time and memory disorders
→ continued fear of medical examinations
→ occasional nosebleeds
→ inexplicable small scars on different parts of the body.
A 1992 survey found that every 50th citizen of the United States suffers from such symptoms. Many of the symptoms are also reported by victims of sexual or ritual abuse and other traumas.
In most cases, specific memories of the kidnappings only arise when the person concerned seeks help from a psychotherapist — someone who is familiar with the phenomenon of the kidnapping. In regression hypnosis, a so-called false memory syndrome (false memory) is constructed by the therapist and the patient.
Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI)
Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) is the search for extraterrestrial civilizations. Various scientific projects have been underway since 1960, which among other things investigate the radio range of the electromagnetic spectrum for possible signs and signals of technical civilizations in space.
In 1974 the Arecibo Observatory sent a unique radio message with a length of 1,679 bits into space in the direction of the M13 globular cluster (approximately 25,000 light-years away). The number 1,679 has two prime factors, 23 and 73, and the message should be understood as an image of 23 by 73 pixels. The message was sent by frequency modulation at 10 bits per second. The picture is to represent the Arecibo Observatory, a human figure, the DNA and the elements necessary for life on earth.
As expected, no signs of intelligent life in space have been discovered.
The Swiss Billy Eduard Meier from Hinterschmidrüti is the founder of the devout UFO sect F.I.G.U .. He claimed to be in contact with extraterrestrials from the Pleiades. After Meier published a photo of the supposedly extraterrestrial in 1997, American UFO critic Kal Korff researched the remarkably earthy-looking Pleiader "Asket" and found that the picture actually showed a dancer from the Dean Martin television show, which simply did was photographed from the screen. Other UFO photos distributed by Meier also proved to be fraudulent, e.g. as photographs of a barrel lid. When confronted with the results, Meier claims that the images in question are actually falsified, but not by him, but by malicious "Men in Black" and other aliens, which he has now learned from the true Pleiadians through telepathic contact.
Doctor Degree for Ufology
There are also providers on the Internet that provide doctoral degrees in ufology. Don't wait long, → Buy Doctor Degree in Ufology.
The belief in UFOs and extraterrestrials are modern folklore and superstition. You can't refute anything that doesn't exist. In science, the claimant must present the evidence. After over 70 years of UFO research, it is time for UFO researchers to present evidence of the UFO phenomenon in the form of an UFO and alien.